SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): July 5, 2019
ENERGY FOCUS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
32000 Aurora Road, Suite B
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligations of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
☐ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
☐ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
☐ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
☐ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240-13e-4(c))
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Item 5.02. Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.
On July 16, 2019, the Board of Directors of Energy Focus, Inc. (the “Company”) adopted the Energy Focus, Inc. Executive Bonus Plan (the “Plan”), effective as of January 1, 2019, which provides for the payment of a bonus to executive officers of the Company, as defined under Rule 16a-1 of the Securities Exchange Act (“Officers”) based on the achievement of business and individual performance objectives established by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors with respect to each performance period commencing on January 1 and ending on December 31 of each year (“Plan Year”).
Each participating Officer will be assigned a target bonus amount under the Plan as a percentage of his or her salary, which will be determined as to 70% of such amount based on Company performance and as to 30% of such amount on individual performance. The Company performance metrics selected for the 2019 Plan Year are revenue and cash management. Depending on the level of the Company or individual performance component achieved, the Officers are eligible to receive the following percentages of salary with respect to achieving minimum, target, and maximum performance levels: (a) Chief Executive Officer: 0%, 120%, and 240%, respectively, and (b) President and Chief Financial Officer: 0%, 60%, and 120%, respectively. For 2019 only, both the Chief Executive Office and the President and Chief Financial Officer will have their earned bonus prorated for the portion of the year they worked for the Company.
The foregoing description of the Plan does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Plan, which is filed herewith as Exhibit 10.1 and incorporated herein by reference.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Dated: July 19, 2019
ENERGY FOCUS, INC.
/s/ Tod A. Nestor
Tod A. Nestor
President, Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
Energy Focus, Inc.
Executive Bonus Plan
Objectives of the Executive Bonus Plan:
The Energy Focus, Inc. Executive Bonus Plan (or the “Plan”) is designed to provide an effective means to motivate and compensate eligible executive officers, on an annual basis, by providing for an award based on the achievement of business and individual performance objectives achieved throughout the year commencing on January 1 and ending on December 31 of each year (“Plan Year”). This Plan is intended to be the Company’s primary method of granting annual bonuses to its executive-level “officers”, as defined under Rule 16a-1 of the Securities Exchange Act (“Officers”). However, the Company may, in certain circumstances, grant bonuses outside of this Plan, in the sole discretion of the Board of Directors (“Board”) or the Compensation Committee of the Board (the “Compensation Committee”).
Bonuses are a “pay for performance” award, in that any payout under the Plan is subject to the achievement of specific performance goals by the Company and by the applicable individual Officer during the Plan Year. The Company believes that such compensation
can be a highly effective form of compensation that can enhance the employer-employee relationship and better align common Company and individual goals and objectives. Also, by providing a bonus structure, the Company will create and maintain a culture of performance and reward, which will in-turn motivate and increase the retention of its key employees, and also enhance the Company’s enterprise value.
Eligibility and Administration:
All full-time Officers of the Company will be eligible to be considered for designation by the Board or the Compensation Committee as a participant in the Plan. All participants must comply with the terms and conditions outlined in the Plan and with general employment practices and policies of Energy Focus, Inc.
To qualify for a bonus, the participant,
must be considered an active employee at the time of the payout of the bonus
must have worked for the Company at least ninety (90) days during the Plan Year
The Company’s Chief Financial Officer (CFO) will submit the amounts payable under the Plan following the terms of the Plan to the Compensation Committee for approval on an annual basis. The Board or the Compensation Committee may grant exceptions to the above eligibility criteria at its discretion.
This Plan is effective as of January 1, 2019 with respect to Plan Years beginning on such date and thereafter until terminated, amended or superseded by the Board or the Compensation Committee. This Plan supersedes all plans, agreements and/or terms previously in effect as related to Officer bonuses.
Each participant is assigned a target bonus amount under the Plan, as a percentage of such participant’s annual base salary in effect as of the end of the Plan Year. The bonus that may be earned under the Plan is determined based on two components - Company Performance and Individual Performance.
Company Performance is measured by the criteria established for the applicable Plan Year recommended by the Compensation Committee and approved by the Board, which shall consist of a Minimum, Target and Maximum level of achievement that will correspond to the payout amounts for achieving such levels designated for each participant.
For purposes of this Plan, the criteria used for Company Performance shall be any one or more of the following, either individually, alternatively or in any combination, on a basis consistent with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) or on a non-GAAP or adjusted GAAP basis, applied to either the Company as a whole or to a subsidiary, business unit, affiliate or business segment, either individually, alternatively or in any combination, and measured either annually or cumulatively over a period of years, on an absolute basis or relative to a pre-established target, to previous years’ results or to a designated comparison group, in each case as specified by the Compensation Committee: (i) net revenue, revenue, sales or cash return on sales; (ii) cash flow or free cash flow or net cash from operating activities; (iii) earnings (including gross margin) or adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, as adjusted to exclude certain non-cash items; (iv) basic or diluted earnings per share; (v) growth in earnings or earnings per share; (vi) stock price; (vii) return on equity or average shareholders’ equity; (viii) total shareholder return; (ix) return on capital; (x) return on assets or net assets; (xi) return on investments; (xii) net revenue or gross profits; (xiii) income before or after interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or net income; (xiv) pretax income before allocation of corporate overhead and bonus; (xv) operating income or net operating income; (xvi) operating profit or net operating profit (whether before or after taxes); (xvii) operating margin; (xviii) return on operating net revenue; (xix) working capital or net working capital; (xx) market share; (xxi) asset velocity index; (xxii) contract awards or backlog; (xxiii) overhead or other expense or cost reduction; (xxiv) growth in shareholder value relative to the moving average of the S&P 500 Index or a peer group index; (xxv) credit rating; (xxvi) strategic plan development and implementation; (xxvii) improvement in workforce diversity; (xxviii) customer satisfaction; (xxvix) employee satisfaction; (xxx) management succession plan development and implementation; (xxxi) employee or customer retention; (xxxii) loan balances; (xxxiii) fiscal year-end cash balances, and (xxxiv) equity issuances.
Individual Performance is measured through the Company’s annual Performance Evaluation process completed for such participant. Additionally, the accomplishments identified and completed on the Strategic Focus & Priorities Plan (Key Performance Indicators) for such participant can be taken into account for Individual Performance.
The Board or the Compensation Committee may, in its sole discretion, adjust amounts payable to any participant downward or upward to reflect such considerations as it may in its sole discretion deem to be appropriate.
Subject to the foregoing:
(a) the Minimum payout is achieved when the Company Performance reaches the Minimum threshold level, the Target payout is achieved when the Company Performance reaches the Target threshold level
and the Maximum payout is achieved when the Company reaches or surpasses the Maximum value, with a linear scale of amounts applicable between such points; and
(b) in the event that performance with respect to any Company Performance metric is below the Minimum for such metric, the Plan pays no bonus amount to the participant for such metric; however, amounts may still be earned with respect to another metric or Individual Performance if at least the Minimum level for a metric is achieved.
I. Subject to the terms of the Plan, Bonus Eligibility based on Job title/category - as a percentage of salary (these percentages are applied separately to each component of the bonus (as set forth below)):
Chief Executive Officer
President and CFO
II. Subject to the terms of the Plan, distribution based on Company Performance and Individual Performance as a percent of total bonus:
Chief Executive Officer
President and CFO
III. For the Plan Year beginning on January 1, 2019, Company Performance is based on two components - Total Revenue (“Revenue”) and Cash Management comprising of the Company’s operating cash balance, loan balance(s), and any equity financings done throughout the year (“Cash Management”) as reported in the Company’s annual form 10-K as filed with the Securities Exchange Commission. The Compensation Committee shall recommend and the Board shall approve the values which correspond to the Minimum, Target and Maximum payout levels under the Plan. Unless otherwise decided by the Board, the Minimum value with respect to Revenue Company Performance metric shall represent achievement of 80% of the Target value and the Maximum value shall represent achievement of 120% of the Target value; and the Minimum value with respect to Cash Management Company Performance metric shall represent achievement of 88.7% of the Target value and the Maximum value shall represent achievement of 129% of the Target value. The Board may, at its sole discretion, approve different Company Performance metrics for subsequent Plan years.
The portion of a participant’s 2019 bonus based on Company Performance shall be allocated between each metric as set forth below (in each case, subject to the applicable payout percentage for achieving the Minimum, Target and Maximum levels as set forth above):
Chief Executive Officer
President and CFO
Company Performance metrics shall be calculated by reference to amounts in the Company’s audited financial statements, to the extent applicable, with such adjustments thereto as may be approved by the Compensation Committee.
Each Company Performance metric is exclusive of each other. For example, for 2019, the Company may reach Revenue at Target and Cash Management at Maximum and each such component of a bonus will be calculated separately to arrive at total bonus for the participant.
Individual Performance is measured based on the objective and subjective achievement, as determined by the Compensation Committee, of the Strategic Focus & Priorities Plan (Key Performance Indicators), if applicable, for such participant.
Bonuses earned for Participants hired during the Plan year will be pro-rated from the Participant’s hire date through December 31st.
Timing of Bonus Payments:
Bonus amounts will be calculated following conclusion of the applicable Plan Year. The total bonuses for the year and the amount payable to each Officer must be approved by the Compensation Committee (or the Board) and will be paid by the end of the full calendar quarter following such approval, and in no event to be later than March 31st of each calendar year following the fiscal year.
Modifications to Bonus Plan:
The Plan can be modified at the discretion of the Compensation Committee or the Board as it deems necessary or appropriate at any time.
The establishment of this Plan, or any provisions within this Plan do not confer upon any employee the right to continued employment with the Company.
The Company hereby reserves the right to seek repayment or recovery of a bonus, as appropriate, notwithstanding any contrary provision of the Plan, pursuant to any recovery, recoupment, clawback and/or other forfeiture policy adopted or maintained by the Company from time to time, and under any applicable law or regulation or the standards of any stock exchange on which the Company’s shares are then listed that provide for any such recovery, recoupment, clawback and/or forfeiture. The Company may also specify with respect to a particular bonus that the participant’s rights, payments and benefits with respect to such bonus shall be subject to reduction, cancellation, forfeiture or recoupment upon the occurrence of certain events, which may include, without limitation, breach of non-competition, non-solicitation, confidentiality or other restrictive covenants, a termination of the participant’s employment for cause, or other conduct by the participant that is detrimental to the business or reputation of the Company and/or its affiliates.